ALERT: Deadly OUTBREAK Across 16 States- Authorities Release Emergency Statement



A deadly salmonella outbreak linked to papayas imported from Mexico sickened an additional 64 people and expanded to 16 U.S. states, federal health officials reported on Friday. 

Update: 109 now sick in Salmonella outbreak. Don’t eat Maradol papayas from Mexico.


The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said the source of the salmonella outbreak was traced back to Caribena brand papayas from the Carica de Campeche farm. In July, at least one New York City resident died. Another 35 people were hospitalized with salmonella as of Friday.

  • The outbreak investigation has expanded to include another strain of Salmonella.
  • Sixty-four more ill people from 15 states were added to this investigation since the last update on July 21, 2017.
  • Six more states have reported ill people: Connecticut, Delaware, Michigan, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin
  • Laboratory tests showed that the strain of Salmonella Thompson isolated from papayas collected in Maryland is closely related genetically to clinical isolates from ill people.
  • FDA tested other papayas imported from Mexico and found they were contaminated with several types of Salmonella.

Since the last update on July 21, 2017, 64 more ill people were added to this investigation from 15 states.

As of August 3, 2017, 109 people infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Kiambu (48) and Salmonella Thompson (61) have been reported from 16 states. A list of the states and the number of cases in each can be found on the Case Count Map page.

Illnesses started on dates ranging from May 17, 2017 to July 22, 2017. Ill people range in age from less than 1 year to 95, with a median age of 36. Among ill people, 63% are female. Among 74 people with available information, 50 (68%) are of Hispanic ethnicity. Among 76 people with available information, 35 (46%) were  hospitalized. One death was reported from New York City.


This outbreak can be illustrated with a chart showing the number of people who became ill each day. This chart is called an epidemic curve or epi curve. Illnesses that occurred after July 10, 2017 might not be reported yet due to the time it takes between when a person becomes ill and when the illness is reported. This takes an average of 2 to 4 weeks. Please see the Timeline for Reporting Cases of Salmonella Infection for more details.

Investigation Update

In ongoing interviews, ill people answered questions about the foods they ate and other exposures in the week before they became ill. Of the 59 interviewed, 28 (47%) reported eating papayas. This proportion was significantly higher than results from a survey[PDF – 29 pages] of healthy Hispanic people in which 16% reported eating papayas in the months of May and June in the week before they were interviewed.

Investigators used whole genome sequencing (WGS) to learn more about the DNA fingerprint of the strains of Salmonella isolated from Maradol papayas that Maryland health officials collected from a grocery store in that state. Samples from these papayas yielded outbreak strains of Salmonella Kiambu and Salmonella Thompson. Both samples were from Caribeña brand Maradol papayas imported from Mexico. Investigators compared WGS results of Salmonella isolates from the papayas to clinical isolates from ill people in the PulseNet database.

WGS showed that the Salmonella Kiambu papaya isolate is closely related genetically to Salmonella Kiambu isolates from ill people. WGS also showed that the SalmonellaThompson papaya isolate is closely related genetically to Salmonella Thompson isolates from ill people. This result provides more evidence that people in this outbreak got sick from eating contaminated Maradol papayas imported from Mexico.

FDA tested other papayas imported from Mexico and isolated several types of Salmonella, including Salmonella Agona, Salmonella Kiambu, Salmonella Gaminara, Salmonella Thompson, and Salmonella Senftenberg. Through this testing, the FDA has also identified Maradol papayas from the Carica de Campeche papaya farm in Mexico as a likely source of the outbreak. The agency is working to identify other brands of papayas that may have originated from Carica de Campeche and facilitate recalls. More information is available on FDA’s website.

CDC and state and local public health partners are continuing laboratory surveillance through PulseNet to identify additional ill people and to interview them. Further investigation by FDA and regulatory officials is under way to determine the point in the supply chain where the papayas were contaminated. Updates will be provided when more information is available.

Salmonella outbreak linked to papayas have occurred before. In 2011, 97 people in 23 states were sickened after contracting salmonella from eating papayas.

About 1.2 million people are infected with salmonella in the U.S. each year, according to the CDC.

Important points

  • CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) UU. Are investigating a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Kiambu infections .
  • Twelve states have reported a total of 47 people infected with the Salmonella Kiambu strain .
    • Twelve sick people have been hospitalized. One death has been reported from New York City.
  • The laboratory data and epidemiological have been collected to date indicate that the maradol variety papayas are likely to be the source of this multistate outbreak.
  • The CDC recommends that consumers not eat, that restaurants do not serve and that retailers do not sell papayas of the Maradol variety until more is known.
    • If you bought papayas and are not sure if they are of the Maradol variety, ask at the place where you bought them. Restaurants and retailers can ask their suppliers.
    • If in doubt, do not eat them, do not sell them or serve them and throw them away.
    • Wash and disinfect the drawers and shelves of the refrigerators in which the papayas were stored.
  • This investigation is ongoing. CDC will provide updates as more information becomes available.

The CDC recommends that consumers not eat, that restaurants do not serve and that retailers do not sell papayas of the Maradol variety until more is known.

Contact a health care provider if you think you were sick from eating a contaminated papaya.

what are the signs and symptoms?

Most people infected with Salmonella have the following signs and symptoms between 12 and 72 hours after exposure to the bacteria:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Abdominal cramps

How long does the illness last?

  • The disease usually lasts 4 to 7 days and most people recover without treatment.
  • In some people diarrhea can be so severe that they need to be hospitalized. Salmonellainfection can spread from the intestines to the bloodstream and then to other parts of the body.
  • In rare cases, Salmonella infection can cause death, unless the person is treated with antibiotics right away.

Who is most likely to have a serious illness?

  • Children under 5 years.
  • Adults over 65 years.
  • People with weakened immune system.

Learn more about Salmonella and the steps people can take to reduce their risk of Salmonella infection on the CDC Salmonella website .

God Bless!

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